Today we will talk about Dominican Republic climate. But, first let’s start by defining what is climate? The climate is said to result from the conjugation of different and diverse atmospheric factors, biophysical factors and geographic factors that may change over time.
The climate of a region is identified by being the average of the weather conditions, it is determined by scientific studies and observations over a period, especially taking into account the degree of heat of the air, the movement of air, the weight of this, humidity and precipitation.
Difference between weather and weather
Some people usually see things like, because in this article today I will comment on why they are not the same thing, when we refer to or talk about a weather, we are referring to the condition in which it is located. The atmosphere at a certain time, the atmosphere is usually variable, while when we talk about the weather we do not refer to more stable times and they are usually permanent.
Currently there are three types of climates:
- Warm: located in low latitudes with high temperatures.
- Temperate: found in mid-latitudes, temperatures are usually mild and moderate
- Polar: they are at high latitudes.
The kinds of climates in turn have very specific climates such as:
- The tropical climate: humid tropical, humid and dry tropical.
- Dry climate: arid and semi-arid.
- Moderate climate: Mediterranean, humid subtropical, marine of the west coast
- Continental climate: humid continental, subarctic.
- Polar climate: tundra, ice cap.
- Highland climate.
What is the Dominican Republic Climate?
However, in the Dominican Republic we find a humid tropical climate, which we refer to many times as savanna climate, it should be noted that within this category of climates we will find that there are other types of climates to which this time we will refer to microclimates (humid tropical rainforest, dry steppe, humid temperate and hurricanes), its temperature is usually higher than 18 degrees Celsius.
The annual temperature that oscillates at sea level is between 25 degrees Celsius with small seasonal variations. At present we find two rainy seasons, one is in the month of April to June and the second season in the month of September to November.
The country is generally characterized by the presence of numerous tropical storms, especially in the second period of the year in the months from August to the end of November, which have caused major disasters to nature and the country’s infrastructure. , damages that have been caused by the strong winds, the constant rains that inhabit the region and the high tides.
Therefore, we can see that the Dominican Republic is not a country that enjoys or can enjoy the four climatic seasons that exist, in this country there is only autumn and summer. However, this climate is subject to abrupt changes, as are tropical climates.
It has been said that the cities that are to the south and southeast of the country are hot, an example of them is the capital Santo Domingo of the Dominican Republic together with the province of La Romana, where there is less precipitation that oscillate between 750mm. On the other hand, to the north and northwest, the heat is more bearable and where the highest rainfalls are observed with an intensity of around 25,000mm per year.
One of the places where the humid tropical climate is seen on the peninsula of Samaná. In the mountainous areas of the Dominican Republic it is colder compared to the rest of the country.